Lecture 17: Sexing a Topic of Popular Culture

DEFINITIONS:

  • The term sexting refers to the act of sending receiving or forwarding nude photos or sexually suggestive messages via cell phones

PRE-EMOJI SEXTING:

  • Back before we had the eggplant and the peach, we had to make do with text emoticons:
  • ;), :><:

SEXTING (IN A NUTSHELL):

  • Sexting is a term combining the words “sex and texting’ and describes sending sexually suggestive photos or messages through text message

 

  • My tentative definitions:
    • Sharing – whether reciprocal or non – of sexual media materials, whether image, video, SMS or link

SOCIOLOGICAL SEXTING:

  • “As a forms of sexual communication in the ear of mobile technologies, sexting may be used between two people as a means of flirting” (Bauermeister et al, 2013)
  • [U]ndergraduate students in Botswana [..] sent their sexts to their boyfriend/girlfriend in order to flirt, to have fun or to initiate sexual activity”

PHYSCHOLOGICAL SEXTING:

  • Drouin & Landgraff (2012) found from a survey study that: “those with attachment avoidance were more likely to engage in sexting, just as they are more likely to engage in causal sex” which led them to suggest “[i]t is therefore possible that sexting is a form casual sex and /or a symptom of sexual addiction”
  • However Morey et al (2012) found from a survey study “[a] voidance was correlated with less frequent phone and text messaging       and correlated with more frequent email. Thus, there is some avoidance of certain communication tools that may allow for greater intimacy”

NOTES:

  • Why some people might find emailing to be a more appropriate means of sexting then text messaging sexting
  • People who are more interested in causal sex are more likely to use email because its easier to get a new email then it is to change your number

TECHNOLOICAL VIEW ON SEXTING:

  • Those with a smartphone are more likely to sext (Lenhert, 2014)
  • Why might that be?
    • You have access to a camera right on your phone, that has the capability to upload a photo to anyone or anywhere
    •  
    • You can take very high quality photos and videos of your self and send it to someone

2017 PRELIMINARTY STUDY IN THE JOURNAL OF CYBERPSYCHOLOGY ABOUT THE SEXTING BEAHVIOUR OF TEENS IN BOTSWANA:

  • Findings:
    • Among participants who had sexual intercourse at least once in their lifetime

WHAT ARE SOME EFFECTS OF SEXTING:

  • Research has yet to be conducted on the psychological effects of sexting, However Lenhert (2009) reported:
    • In the focus groups, we found that teens attitudes towards sexting vary widely, from those who don’t not think it is a major issue to other who think it is inappropriate, ‘slutty’, potentially damaging or illegal. On one end of the spectrum are the teens who view sexting as a safer alternative to real life sexual activity”

NOTES:

  • Sexting doesn’t mean that people are not having sex

EFFECTS OF SEXTING:

  • More recent research suggests that sexting is correlated with high-risk sexual behaviour:
    • Compare with their non-sexting counterparts, participants

CONCENSUAL VS NONCONSENSUAL SEXTING:

  • “Consensual sexting is not intended to cause harm, but possible non-malicious acts could lead to distribution”
  • Although 73.2% of participants reported discomfort with unauthorised sharing of sexts beyond the intended recipient, of those who has received sext images, 22.9% reported, of those sharing them with others (on average with 3.17 friends)” (Garcia et al, 2016)
  • How might one social media platform afford unauthorized distribution over another
    • What happens is you put a nude photo of your self on Facebook:
      • More people have access to it
      • The photos wont stay up long, cause Facebook will sensor your photos
    • Twitter, and snap chat
      • Has no censoring

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN POSTING YOUR OWN NUDES ONLINE AND OTHERS POSTING THEM?

  • The photos you post of yourself act as a means for lessening the objectification of women
  • Whereas when photos posted by others, removes any sense of control, and consent
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