From our class presentations and lecture on October 26, 2017.
What Media Do – Marshall T Poe
- High fidelity vs. Low fidelity
- Example: speech vs. Photography
- How realistically the medium portrays real life
- User Perspective vs. Cost of medium
- Accessibility – availability
- Privacy – covertness
- Fidelity – faithfulness
- Volume – quantity
- Velocity – speed
- Range – distance
- Persistence – duration
- Searchability – efficiency
- Media Attributes vs. Network Attributes
- Accessibility – concentration
- Privacy – Segmentation
- Fidelity – Iconicity
- Volume – Constraint
- Velocity – Dialogicity
- Range – Extent
- Persistence – Addition
- Searchability – Mappedness
What makes a medium accessible today?
- Availability online
Love in the Time of Tamagotchi – Pettman
- Dating Sims, Meru Tomos and the Serendipity System
- Libidinal Economy
- Exchange of or interaction based on intimacy and sexual desire
- Flickering Signifiers
- Subjects, through information technology, may experience unpredictable shifts and transformations
- Nodes and networks (Meru Tomos)
- Individuals can create connections that are malleable and lacking in face-to-face interaction, but are no less real
What is the quality of connection with something like Meru Tomos?
- Does it create weak or strong ties?
- It can still create strong ties, internet friends and attachment over long distances are possible
- Interactions online are just as real – they are performative, but we are performative in real life too
Dream Daddy: A Dad Dating Simulator
- How would you feel if you were romantically rejected by an AI?
- Pettman documents subjects who are legitimately sad and upset about rejection in the game
- Dating technology has become a way to artificially initiate romance
- Eye code
- The connection people make by looking in each other’s eyes
- Video chat loses this: you can look at the screen or in the camera, but not at the same time
- Chat avatars have an advantage here (Pettman argues)
- Though she is not able to pass any Turing test, this chatbot is indicative of our technological direction
- Virtual celebrity
- Smulacrum – fake version/unsatisfactory imitation
- Nth fan fiction – something has infinite possibility to create fan products
- Pixel Vixon
- Virtual corporality – virtual tangibility
Who is Hatsune Miku?
- Mascot for Vocaloid, singing voice synthesizer technology
- “The first sound of the future”
- Based on the voice of Japanese actress Suki Fujita
- “Transmit your perception and feelings through melody and lyrics”
- Can reproduction be authentic?
- Has spawned virtual companions as well as merchandise
- English version: Sweet Anne
- Considers relationship between human affect and digital products from a philosophical prespective
- Critically investigate these aspects and consider implications
- And what does it mean for who we are as humans
- We distinguish love between human and non human
- Human love = “real” love
- Can we love the “non-real’?
- If we can, what does that mean for our status as beings?
- How might be study this phenomenon?
- Select our focus
- Pettman looks at love itself
- Build the system
- Define our terms
- Study the interoperation of our terms
What is love?
- Privileged, semi-flexible, semi-coherent, ingenious, and intricately codified form of communication
- “I love you” is a command that executes a program or a set of responses
- Love routines – we follow a kind of script in how we express love to one another
Building from Pettman’s Argument
- Technology has fundamentally changed the cultural routines of love
- Transportation and communication has drastically changed in the last 100 years
- He enhances this point about love routines referring to Luhmann, who contends that “all sex is cybersex, since it is the result of pre-programmed communication routines”
- What is loveable?
- Videos games? Smart phones?
- We emulate emotional responses with our technologies
- Can you only love other beings? What makes something a “being”?
- Recall his argument: to love is to be
- I love, therefore I am.
- No being without the act of loving
- Thus, we have a premise by which we can distinguish between being and not being
Premises and Questions
- In sum, Pettman is describing an enhanced version of the Turing Test
- Could a robot replicate love? Could it make us believe that we are loved by it?
What is love?
- Is it a transcendent quality that we can’t pin down or is it a cybernetic program?
- Love must be communicated as information, but what is the medium of its transmission? How does the medium shape the message?
- Increasingly complicated by the continual development of virtual technology
Does media convergence amplify or limit love?